Politics of El Salvador

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Politics of El Salvador Empty Politics of El Salvador

Post by kosovohp on Fri Oct 29, 2010 11:05 pm

The 1983 Constitution defines the basic legal code of the country. It states that El Salvador is a democratic and representative, whose three bodies are: the Executive Branch, headed by the President of the Republic who is elected by direct vote and remains in office five years. It can not be reelected in the next period. The president is accompanied by his Cabinet of Ministers. It is also the General Commander of the Armed Forces.

The other entities are the Legislative Branch, called El Salvador's Legislative Assembly (unicameral) of 84 deputies, and the Judiciary, headed by the Supreme Court, which is composed of 15 judges, one of them being elected as President of judiciary. Carlos Mauricio Funes Cartagena, President of El Salvador during the period 2009-2014.

With the Chapultepec Peace Accords (1992) created the new National Civil Police, the Attorney for the Defense of Human Rights and the Supreme Electoral Tribunal. It also gave legal existence as a political party, the Frente Farabundo Marti para la Liberacion Nacional (FMLN) and redefined the role of the army, reserved for the defense of the sovereignty and territorial integrity. Were also removed some security forces who were in command of the army, as were the National Guard, Treasury Police and special battalions formed to keep the war against the insurgency of the 1980s

The political framework of El Salvador is a presidential representative democratic republic with a multiform multi-party system. The President of El Salvador, currently Mauricio Funes, is both head of state and head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Legislative Assembly. The country also has an independent Judiciary and Supreme Court.

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