St Andrew's Church

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Post by kosovohp on Fri Oct 08, 2010 2:54 am

The church dates back to the Anglo-Saxon period, although the precise date of its foundation in uncertain. There is strong circumstantial evidence that a church was built in the area of the Roman bath in the 5th or 6th century.[4] A preaching cross was erected in the churchyard in the 8th century.[5] It is thought that the oldest existing fabric in the present church dates from the 8th or 9th century.[4][5] This consists of large stones which came from the public buildings of the Roman town. By the time of the Domesday Survey in 1086 the church had a college of four priests. In 1155 Richard Fitz Alan of Wroxeter Manor donated the church to Haughmond Abbey. In about 1190 a large chancel was built, and in about 1210 a south aisle was added. A chantry chapel dedicated to Saint Mary was built and the length of the nave was increased to the west. In about 1470 the lower part of the tower was built. Following the English Reformation the interior of the church was damaged, the wall paintings were covered with whitewash, and wooden statues and fittings were burnt. The upper part of the tower was added in 1555, incorporating material from Haughmond Abbey. By the middle of the 18th century the population of the village was declining, and the church was becoming unstable because of the inadequate medieval foundations.[5] In 1763 the south aisle and chapel were demolished, and part of the chapel was converted into a vestry.[3] The church was restored in about 1863, and in 1890 a porch was added and the tower was restored.[1] By the end of the 19th century most of the local people had moved away. In 1980 the church was declared redundant and became vested in the Churches Conservation Trust.[5]

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